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The Los Angeles California Temple (but commonly called The L.A. Temple by the locals), the tenth operating and the second-largest temple operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), is on Santa Monica Boulevard in the Westwood district of Los Angeles, California, United States. When it was dedicated in 1956, it was the largest of the church's temples, though it has since been surpassed by the Salt Lake Temple due to later expansions. The temple serves 39 stakes in Los Angeles, Ventura, Kern, Santa Barbara, and San Luis Obispo counties. The grounds include a visitors' center, which was renovated in 2010, the Los Angeles Regional Family History Center, both of which are open to the public, and the headquarters of the church's California Los Angeles Mission.

History

The Los Angeles Temple was announced on March 23, 1937 by church president Heber J. Grant, when the church purchased 24.23 acres (98,000 m2) from the Harold Lloyd Motion Picture Company. Construction was to begin soon thereafter, but financial difficulties relating to the Great Depression and World War II delayed the groundbreaking until 1951.[1]

The temple plans were revised at this time to include a priesthood assembly room, an unusual feature in temples built after the Salt Lake Temple. It was also expanded to accommodate an unprecedented 300 patrons per session.

This was the first temple with an angel Moroni statue since the Salt Lake Temple. When the statue was installed it faced southeast, as the temple does. It was later turned to face due east at the request of church president David O. McKay.

This was the last temple designed to use live actors instead of a film to present the endowment. The motion-picture presentation soon replaced the live actor presentation, and the progressive presentation (in which patrons moved from one room to another) was replaced with stationary ordinance rooms (i.e., patrons remained in a single room for the entire ceremony). In 2003, the temple reverted to a progressive-style presentation of the endowment (but still using a film) and completely renovated the Terrestrial room.

The Los Angeles California Temple was closed for renovations in late November 2005, with reopening originally scheduled for May 2006, but eventually delayed until July 11, 2006.[2] The renovation also included a seismic overhaul and a complete redesign and reconstruction of the baptistry, which had long been plagued by mold due to poor ventilation.[3]

Setting

L.A. Temple at night.

Located at 10777 W. Santa Monica Boulevard in the Westwood district of Los Angeles, the temple sits atop a small hill above the intersection of Overland Avenue and Santa Monica Boulevard.

The well manicured grounds are open to the public and are filled with various plants, including Canary Island Pine trees, several varieties of palm trees, Bird of Paradise trees, olive trees, and rare Chinese Ginkgo trees. At the left and right of the temple are two fountains, and at the front is a large reflection pool. Several family-themed statues further beautify the grounds. In December, the temple grounds are decorated with thousands of multi-colored lights in celebration of Christmas.

While not as regionally prominent as the temples in Oakland, San Diego, and Washington D.C., the temple is still a distinctive feature of the westside of Los Angeles.

Numerous church facilities are on its grounds including a meetinghouse, a baseball field, the headquarters of the church's California Los Angeles Mission, and apartments (used by missionaries, temple workers, temple patrons, and visiting church officials).

The remaining land, along Manning Avenue, was subdivided for residential lots, the sale of which considerably offset the expense of constructing the temple. Along with the Bern Switzerland Temple, dedicated a few months before, these were the church's first temples built outside of an LDS-dominated area. The Los Angeles Temple was the first temple explicitly designed for automobile accessibility: with its parking facilities being larger than those of any temple built previously and with no direct pedestrian connection between the front doors and Santa Monica Boulevard.

Architecture

File:Los Angeles Temple 1.jpg

The Los Angeles Temple in 2006

The temple's architecture is generally Modernist, an aesthetic that extends to the choice of exterior cladding: 146,000 square feet (14,000 m²) of Mo-Sai pre-cast concrete facing, a mixture of crushed quartz and white Portland cement quarried in Utah and Nevada. The very light brown pigmentation of the Mo-Sai blend has the advantage of concealing the thin layer of soot that accumulates on most buildings in Los Angeles. The temple is 369 feet (112 m) long, 269 feet (82 m) wide and has an overall height of 257 feet (78 m). Atop the temple stands a 15-foot (5 m) tall statue of the angel Moroni. The building's architect, Edward O. Anderson, patterned it after Mayan architecture.[4]

The rooms include a baptistry, celestial room, four ordinance rooms, ten sealing rooms, and an assembly room that stretches the entire length of the temple. The Los Angeles Temple features murals on the walls of its progressive-style ordinance rooms, including the celestial room. The only other temple with celestial room murals is the Idaho Falls Idaho Temple.


Temple District

The Los Angeles California Temple serves members from 38 stakes headquartered in Southern California:

Kern County, CA

  1. Bakersfield California Stake
  2. Bakersfield California East Stake
  3. Bakersfield California South Stake
  4. Ridgecrest California Stake

Los Angeles County, CA

  1. Arcadia California Stake
  2. Canoga Park California Stake
  3. Cerritos California Stake
  4. East Los Angeles California Stake (Spanish)
  5. Glendora California Stake
  6. Granada Hills California Stake
  7. Hacienda Heights California Stake
  8. Inglewood California Stake
  9. La Crescenta California Stake
  10. La Verne California Stake
  11. Lancaster California Stake
  12. Lancaster California East Stake
  13. Long Beach California Stake
  14. Long Beach California East Stake
  15. Los Angeles California Stake
  16. Los Angeles California Santa Monica Stake
  17. North Hollywood California Stake
  18. Palmdale California Stake
  19. Palos Verdes California Stake
  20. Pasadena California Stake
  21. San Fernando California Stake (Spanish)
  22. Santa Clarita California Stake
  23. Torrance California North Stake
  24. Valencia California Stake
  25. Whittier California Stake

Central Coast

  1. San Luis Obispo California Stake
  2. Santa Barbara California Stake
  3. Santa Maria California Stake

Ventura County, CA

  1. Camarillo California Stake
  2. Newbury Park California Stake
  3. Simi Valley California Stake
  4. Thousand Oaks California Stake
  5. Ventura California Stake


Temple Presidents

  1. Larry J. Larsen 2017–
  2. William F. Reynolds 2014–2017
  3. R. Randall Huff 2011–2014
  4. Grant R. Brimhall 2008–2011
  5. Richard M. Andrus 2004–2008
  6. Paul R. Hatch 2001–2004
  7. Nile A. Sorenson 1998–2001
  8. Glen H. Walker 1995–1998
  9. H. Von Packard 1992–1995
  10. Wayne A. Reeves 1989–1992
  11. Jack B. McEwan 1986–1989
  12. Allen C. Rozsa 1982–1986
  13. Robert L. Simpson 1980–1982
  14. Richard C. Stratford 1975–1980
  15. Myrthus W. Evans 1970–1975
  16. Benjamin L. Bowring 1956–1970

See Also

References

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  4. [Imposing Structure Takes On New Appearance Each Week https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=336&dat=19530620&id=w5xaAAAAIBAJ&sjid=uE0DAAAAIBAJ&pg=4559,3696908&hl=en]
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