527px-Molnár Ábrahám kiköltözése 1850

Abraham's Departure by József Molnár.

Abraham (Template:Hebrew Name, Template:Lang-ar, [[Ibrahim|Template:Unicode]], Template:Unicode) is the founding patriarch of the Israelites, Ishmaelites, Midianites and Edomite peoples, as described in the book of Genesis. He is widely regarded as the patriarch of Jews, Christians, Muslims, and Baha'is. It is uncertain to what extent Abraham was a mythical figure and to what extent a real historical person.

According to Genesis, Abraham was originally named Abram and was of the tenth generation from Noah and the 20th from Adam.[1] His father's name was Terah, and he had two brothers, Nahor and Haran. Abraham was sent by God from his home in Ur Kaśdim and Haran (perhaps Harran) to Canaan, the land promised to his descendants by Yahweh. Template:Quotation In Canaan, Abraham entered into a covenant: in exchange for recognition of YHWH as his God, Abraham will be blessed with innumerable progeny and the land would belong to his descendants.[2] According to Template:Bibleverse, his name was changed by God from Abram (probably meaning "the father is exalted") to Abraham, a name which Genesis explains as meaning "father of many nations."

Judaism, Christianity and Islam are sometimes referred to as the "Abrahamic religions" because of the progenitor role Abraham plays in their holy books. In the Jewish tradition, he is called Avraham Avinu or "Abraham, our Father". God promised Abraham that through his offspring, all the nations of the world will come to be blessed (Template:Bibleverse), interpreted in Christian tradition as a reference particularly to Christ. Jews, Christians, and Muslims consider him father of the people of Israel through his son Isaac (cf. Template:Bibleverse, Template:Bibleverse) by his wife Sarah. For Muslims, he is a prophet of Islam and the ancestor of Muhammad through his other son Ishmael – born to him by Sarah's servant, Hagar. (Jews and Christians refer to Hagar as Sarah's servant.) Abraham is also a progenitor of the Semitic tribes of the Negev who trace their descent from their common ancestor Sheba (Template:Bibleverse). Muslims do believe that Abraham was the father of both Isaac and Ishmael. Islam's view that he is a prophet and an ancestor of Mohammed does not contradict this.

See also


  1. Template:Bibleref2 Template:Bibleref2 Template:Bibleref2
  2. Template:Bibleverse
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